Tyres are by far one of the most core parts of your car when it comes to driving safely on the road. They are in the middle of the action, whether you’ve been manoeuvring, halting, or wandering around. Admittedly, Tyres are the only part of your car tyre that makes contact with the road.
As a result, when it comes to Tyre repairs, you must be doing it correctly. Tyre markings can be used to indicate a Tyre’s characteristics and physical aspects so that you can choose a replacement that complies with your automobile.
On the sidewall of a tyre, there is a lot of relevant information. At first look, the tyre tag may seem daunting to the owner of the car. The tyre identification contains all of the useful details for you.
It comprises not just the tyre model’s label, but also a series of alphanumeric characters describing its load index, performance rating, tyre size, manufacturing, and so forth. We here at Bridgestone Tyres reading clarify the purpose of the, how to properly interpret them, as well as what they indicate about your tyre.
Now How Do You Locate The Car Tyre Markings?
Tyre markings are carved onto the sidewalls of a tyre. What you may not realise is that you can gather information on your supplier suggested tyres in a few additional places as well, including:
- The owner’s handbook for the vehicle
- Fuel cap access
- Inside the glove box’s door
It’s important to remember that the sidewall of your tyre merely shows the requirements for that particular tyre. To ensure that a tyre is suitable for your vehicle, examine the owner’s handbook. Not all possible tyre labels are mentioned on the tyres reading.
The necessary measurements and parameters to evaluate if a tyre is fit for a vehicle can be found on the sidewall of the tyre. If, on the other hand, you are seeking all tyre measurements that are acceptable for a vehicle, consult the “CoC” (Certification of Conformity).
It is necessary to know the markings because automobile tyres may be identified based on a variety of qualities and factors, and labelling also tells if the tyre is compatible with a specific model.
The sidewall code specifies tyre size and design, as well as weight-bearing capability and velocity limit. The sidewall of a tyre carries a great deal of information. So, let’s start with the size tag, which is represented by a brief series of alphanumeric characters.
We’ll use the example: 205/65R15 95H
Width of a Tyre
“205” is the next number in the series. That’s the width of the tyre in mm, evaluated from sidewall to sidewall.
The aspect ratio is also the assessment of the sidewall height. It is represented by the next two numbers “65” in mm. This is the ratio of the intersection to the thickness of the tyre.
Car Tyre Manufacturing
Following that is a letter. This explains how well a tyre is made. The “R” in this case indicates that the tyre is radial in manufacture. That’s where the inner ply cords stretch radially around the covering from bead to bead.
Inch Diameter of the Rim
The diameter number is represented by the following number. This, unlike the breadth, is shown in inches. This is significant since it shows the diameter of the wheel rim. The numeral “15” from the above instance indicates that the tyre should indeed be suited to a 15-inch rim wheel.
The Load Index
The load capacity is found after the rim diameter. When a consumer automobile tyre is filled to its maximum recommended capacity, this informs you of its full capacity. In this case, the number “95” applies to the index instead of the mass. As a consequence, you must consult a load index table to calculate the capacity in kg for each rating. The maximum weight capacity for a load index of “95” is 690kg per tyre.
Index of Speed Rating
The speed rating is denoted by the last tyre marking in this row. As you would expect, this is the top speed a tyre could maintain when properly inflated and loaded. This letter, like the load index, refers to a look-up database that shows the maximum allowable velocity of a tyre. In this case, “H” indicates that the automobile has a top speed of 130 mph when fully loaded.
Other characters and figures may appear on the walls after this series of information.
In our case, they represent the following:
- Run-flat tyre: We have a run-flat tyre here. Because of its strengthened walls, this self-supporting run-flat (SSR) tyre may be utilised even if the pressure drops.
- The tyre is a Mercedes Original Equipment tyre with run-flat characteristics – MOE
- According to M+S, the tyre is excellent for mud and snow situations.
- DOT code: Compatible with the US Department of Transportation’s (DOT) vehicle safety regulations
- Week of production: the 36th
- Year of production: 2016.
You may also recognise directional tread identification, which designates tyres with particular tread with an arrow and the phrases “rotation”, “direction of rotation”, or “direction” and denotes the direction in which the tyre must be installed. The rotating orientation of tyres is necessary because when a tyre is mounted from the incorrect side, the tread pattern will not be able to flush water efficiently in rainy conditions.
Furthermore, certain tyres are labelled “Outside” to denote which surface must be placed outwardly if the tyre has differing treads. The majority of tyres are marked “tubeless” or “TL” to signify that they do not have an inner tube.
With a few exceptions, most passenger automobile tyres are tubeless. Tubeless tyres that “run-flat” are a subset of tubeless tyres. They feature emergency functioning capabilities and can still be driven if damaged. A run-flat tyre may be carried for up to 80 km at 80 km/h.
What happens if you replace the tyres with ones that have a varying speed or load index?
Fitting tyres with differing velocity or load specifications might cause major issues if you do not however know what some of these are or what your vehicle is built with. Let’s start with an explanation of what each of these markings signifies:
Rating of Speed
The speed rating of a tyre refers to the maximum velocity that the tyre is designe to drive at when combined with a particular weight. This rating indicates how effectively the tyre handles turning, speed, and brakes.
The load rating of a tyre relates to the maximum load that each tyre is intended to facilitate at a given speed.
Now that you have collected the information you need about tyres reading markings. You can get all the necessary information.