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Beneficial Coconut Farming in India With Growing Process

The significance of coconut oil and copra, widely used in making soaps, hair oil, cosmetics, and other industrial developments, is that its husk is a fibre basis that helps a sizable coir industry. The soft nut supplies coconut water, a famous thirst quencher of fitness and clean value, a multi-crore sector all over India. Virgin coconut oil, dragged from fresh coconut kernels without any chemical methods, is abundant in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, thus making it the ‘mother of all lubricants.

Coconut Plantation Climatic Conditions

The coconut palm seems to grow under changing climatic situations. It is essentially a tropical plant primarily growing between 20N and 20S latitudes. Yet, a rainfall of approximately 2000 mm per year, well distributed around, is ideal for proper growth and highest production.

Suitable Soil for Coconut

Coconut is produced under different soil types such as coastal sandy, alluvial, laterite, clayey, loamy and reclaimed soils of the low marshy lands. The ideal soil needs for better development and implementation of the palm are proper drainage, good water-holding capacity, a water table within 3m and the absence of stone or any hard substratum within 2m of the character.

Soil Preparation

The land Size of the pit relies on the soil type and water table. In laterite soils, we should dig large holes of the size 1.2 x 1.2 x 1.2 m and fill up with loose soil, ground cow dung and ash up to a depth of 60 cm before planting. In loamy soils, pits of size 1 x 1 x 1m loaded with topsoil to a height of 50 cm is suggested. While filling the holes, two coatings of coconut husk can be placed at the bottom of the hole with a concave surface facing upwards for water protection.

After identifying each layer, BHC 10% DP should be sprayed on the husk to control termite invasions. Ordinary salt 2 kg per pit may be applied six months earlier on the pit bottom to soften the hardpans in laterite soils. The New Holland 3600 tractor model is best for soil preparation.

Planting Methods

Which are one year old and have a minimum of six leaves and a perimeter of 10 cm at the collar level, we should select for growth in the main field. Early splitting leaves in the seedlings could be a measure for choosing good seedlings. However, we should select 18 – 24-month-old seedlings for planting in waterlogged areas.

Coconut Irrigation Requirement

Coconut reacts well to summer irrigation. 40 litres per palm per week will improve the work of nuts by 50%. Beneath bay irrigation, 200 litres per palm once in four daytimes will help.  We can assume drip irrigation techniques in areas where moisture is lacking. The water for drip irrigation in coconut is 66% of the open pan evaporation.

Coconut Manuring Requirement

Periodic manuring from the first year of planting is necessary to achieve higher productivity. For coconut, 20 – 50kg.  We should use organic waste per palm per year with the onset of the southwest monsoon when the soil moisture range is high.  And, we can use other forms of organic manures like compost, farmyard manure, bone meal, fish meal, blood meal, neem cake, groundnut cake, etc., for this meaning.

Coconut Intercropping

Maximize the utilization of land and light in the coconut garden, and intercropping can assume with different crops like pineapple, banana, elephant foot yam, groundnut, chillies, sweet potato, tapioca, etc. 8-10 years. During the palms’ 10-22 years of age, a crop like colocasia, which can take shade, can grow. In older plantations, perennials like cocoa, nutmeg, cinnamon, cloves, and pepper can grow as mixed crops along with intercrops. Diverse agriculture by raising grass grasses such as hybrid Napier or guinea grass. And leguminous fodder vegetables in coconut gardens is thriving, supporting the rearing of milch beasts.

Coconuts Harvesting

Coconuts gathered at running spans in a year. The commonness differs in different areas relying upon the yield of the trees. In well maintained and high yielding parks, we have to create bunches regularly and do harvesting once a month. Coconuts develop to mature in about 12 months after the start of the spathe. It is the ripe coconut that is the source of significant coconut products. So, Nuts that are eleven months old give fibre at a reasonable rate and can collect in the tracts where green husks require to manufacture coir fibre. The financial life of the coconut plant is almost 65 years. Farmers choose the Mahindra Jivo 365 tractor model because it is durable in performance.

Coconuts Yield

The yield depends on the variety and circumstances under which it grows. The average yield per hectare ranges from 10,000 to 14,000 nuts per annum.

Marketing

It’s straightforward to market as it always has in order. Big product parties may buy or sell them to local wholesale dealers.

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Vishal Aman

Rapid and sustainable growth with blogging is my passion. Empowering the team to do the above provides me with enormous gratification.

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