Everything You Must Know About the Different Types of Treads

When you drive a vehicle on the road, each of its components performs a vital role. For the engine, it is powering the car, for the brakes, it is controlling it, etc. In the case of tyres, the function is to grip the surface. However, attributing this purpose to tyres as a whole is not exactly correct. Each tyre consists of two parts – the body and the tread. The above-mentioned function is that of the latter.

The Following are the types of treads below –

Types Of Treads:

If you bring it down to the bare bones, a car tyre is just some rubber shaped into a ring. But Bridgestone Tyres Mansfield, as we know them today, are much more than that. They maintain adequate contact with the road with the help of an intricately designed tread. This tread comes in various patterns, one different in its design and functionality from the other. In this article, you will learn about three types of patterns, namely symmetrical, directional, and asymmetric, and understand their role on the road.

Parts Of A Tread:

But before doing so, it is necessary to learn what the constituents of each tread are. That will lead to a clearer understanding of their overall structure and function. The components are ribs, grooves, blocks, and sipes. To describe them in simple terms, ribs form the elevated bits of the tread and contain the blocks. Grooves are the channels that run through the rubber, end to end. Sipes are similar to grooves, except they are smaller and cover the blocks. These four parts work together to produce enough traction to keep the car or SUV up and running. Depending on their structure, the tread renders different outputs in terms of performance, noise, erosion, mileage, etc.

1. Symmetrical Tread Pattern:

That is the most prevalent type of tread, found in standard passenger cars, SUVs and trucks. Tyres having this pattern typically contain solid ribs or distinct tread blocks throughout the tread. It is crucial to note that this specific pattern is present on both sides of the central line. That is what gives these tyres their name as well as their specific features, which include:

  • Effortless driving
  • Stable rides
  • Reduced rolling friction

Despite these advantages, tyres with symmetrical tread patterns might not be the best choice for some drivers or roads. For instance, these tyres tend to malfunction in wet roads, causing the vehicle to lose stability. Similarly, if you like to drive fast in a high-performance car, these car tyres can fail.

2. Directional Tread Pattern:

While the symmetrical tread pattern covers the whole tyre, the directional one only helps it roll in a single direction. Its grooves run sideways before converging in the middle, taking on an arrowhead-like shape. That renders a sporty look to the car, enhancing its style. Aside from that, these channels prove to be effective against aquaplaning. That is because they can disperse the water before it collects on and underneath the tyres. They are not only effective in the wet conditions of summer but also in winter. Besides, they supply ample traction through the snow and mud. That makes directional tread patterns suitable for winter tyres. However, to get these benefits, you have to make sure that you fit them correctly.

3. Asymmetric Tread Pattern:

In the above two cases, the same pattern runs through the tyre in different ways. But in asymmetric treads, the patterns in the inner and outer halves are different. It gives the tyres an odd look, but it makes up for it in function. The inner part keeps the water at bay, preventing hydroplaning. On the other hand, the outer section offers an enhanced grip on the road. That is particularly helpful while taking sharp corners and running through dry road surfaces.


The tread pattern of any tyre has a significant role on the road. It can alter the safety and performance of your Car Tyres Mansfield, and thus, the vehicle. So, it is essential to pick the right type for your automobile. But keep in mind that you should never mix patterns. If you are in doubt, consult an expert to fit the best car tyres in your car or SUV.

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