Quince fruit seems like a fuzzy-skinned cross between a squat pear and an apple. A fruit can reach 10 pounds in weight and diameter up to 5 inches. We can eat quince fruit raw, but it is very tart. In such a way you can cook quince commonly and made into the quince jelly or added to fruit compotes or made into crisps, tarts and cobblers. Quince Farming in India is a very large sector for employment.
Quince fruit is an autumn plant. This fruit plant is a vast shrub that thrives to 10 feet wide and 10 feet tall. Other than this a ripe quince fruit has a hint of green with yellow skin. Quince Farming in India is a very famous sector for Indians. The flesh is tiny seeds with yellowish-white like apple seeds in the core.
Quince farming requires the most important equipment, which plays a major role in agro-processing. Equipment, harvesters and tractors are the main in quince cultivation; Hence, we suggest the Eicher tractor.
Ideal Climate and Site for Growing Quince fruit
- Farmers typically grow quince in zones 5 to 9. Peach is not harder than quince but less hard than pear. This fruit belongs to the botanical subfamily similar to the pear. Plant the plant in full sun.
- Quince fruit that plants in compost-rich, well-drained soil with a pH of about 6.5, slightly acidic soil.
- Plant the plant in a warm, sheltered location close to a wall; then, it can receive reflected heat.
- You should avoid planting the quince fruit in low places where frost and cold air settles.
- Farmers can plant quinces during the growing season but avoid planting in dry weather and hot.
- The plant is dormant and optimal when the early spring planting.
- Full sun is required to prepare the planting site to protect from the wind and prevailing wind.
- Work well-rotted compost or manure in the soil.
- Again dig a pit half as deep and twice as wide as the roots of the plant. Pour one cup of all-purpose fertilizer at the bottom of the hole.
- Set the quince plant in the hole, then the soil mark on the stem from the nursery pot is level with the surrounding soil.
- Remove all burlap and twine from bolted and Bur-lapped trees. Spread the roots in all directions.
- Refill the hole with half old compost and half native soil or commercial planting mix.
- Be firm in the soil; consequently, there will be no air pockets between the roots. Build a slight clay basin around the trunk to keep the soil in the water and water at the watering time.
- Farmers should lay water thoroughly with a high-phosphorus liquid starter fertilizer after planting.
Container that Grows the Quince
- Farmers can grow the quince 18 inches deep and wide or in a larger container.
- Plant the tree in a commercial organic potting mix.
- Keep the soil that is moist evenly but not soggy.
- Plant the container-grown quince with an all-purpose fertilizer that is higher in potassium.
- You should keep the report of the tree after 2 years into a container that is 24 inches deep and wide.
- Prune the top & roots each winter for keeping quince fruit small.
Quince Nutrients, Care and Water Requirement
- Water the quince plant regularly for good production of fruit. Farmers should keep the moist evenly.
- Plant the quince fruit with a general compound fertilizer in early spring before growth begins. Avoid planting the quince fruit where there may be a problem with fire. The lush new leafy growth is prone to fire, a bacterial disease.
- Around mulch, the plants with aged compost in mid-spring. Aged compost mulch will help keep weeds down and keep the soil well.
- Quince flowers occur in late spring. Therefore, it is less susceptible to frost damage than other fruit trees. Cover flowering or budding plants with a plant blanket or burlap if frost threatens.
Training and Pruning Quince
- Quince is usually trained as a shrub, but you can train it as a small tree.
- In the first year, prune the quince to an open centre by cutting the central to about 24 inches.
- Next, choose the scaffolding branch; Trim these again in two buds and remove all other branches.
- You need to establish quince plants that do not require much pruning. Prune this fruit in winter to keep the plant open to wind and sunlight. In addition, you should remove any disease and broken branches.
- Quince is mainly at the tips of growth from the previous summer. Prune quince like a tip-bearing apple.
- If the lateral shoots are less than 9 inches long, they can be left uncut. These shoots will flower and bear fruit at the end of growth in the next season. You should cut back Long side shoots to about 6 inches long.
In completing the guidelines of this farming, We came here to inform some important points about quince farming. In such a way, we suggest the Farmtrac tractor. Apart from this, farming needs various equipment such as a rotary tiller, cultivator and many implements.
For more information regarding quince farming in India, stay tuned with us.