Rice Bean Cultivation in India With Rice Beans Farming Methods
Vigna umbellata is the botanical name of Rice Bean. It can be 30 to 100 cm in size or up to 200 cm, and also it is a perennial legume. The rice bean plant’s leaves are trifoliate with 6-9 cm long leaflets. The fruit-bearing flowers are bright yellow in colour. And born fruits are cylindrical which carry the seed of 6 to 8 mm in size. Indo-China, Southern China, Nepal, Bangladesh and India are involved in rice bean cultivation. And in India, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Meghalaya, Assam, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, Sikkim, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh are the major rice bean producers.
How to Do Rice Bean Cultivation
To cultivate the rice bean, you should take care of some methods and requirements so that you can grow more.
Here we will discuss climate requirements. So, the 18 to 37°C temperature is suitable for rice bean cultivation. And for sowing, the temperature must be 30 to 35°C. The reasonable rainfall to cultivate rice beans is 60 to 150 cm. After these temperatures, you should harvest the crop at 35 to 40°C to obtain a good yield.
A variety of soil is suitable for rice bean cultivation. From loamy to sandy loam soil with sound drainage systems, the soil is perfect for rice bean farming. In the poor or light fertile soil, it gives moderate results. Avoid cultivation in the sandy, saline-alkaline and waterlogged soils.
Popular Varieties with Yield
There are several varieties of rice beans, which have high production rates. So, let’s have a look at popular types.
- RBL 6: 6 quintals/acre
- RBL 1: 6 quintals/acre
- PRR2: 6 quintals/acre
- RBL 35: 6 quintals/acre
- RBL 50: 6.5 quintals/acre
- BRS 1: 7 quintals/acre
For rice bean cultivation, you have to prepare nice seedbeds with the help of excellent tractors with durable tyres like BKT Tractor Tyre and more. Because it is necessary for the rice bean growth. Therefore, the seed germination takes place in the fine seedbeds, and the plantation is to be done in nice nursery beds.
Rice bean is a Kharif season crop. So, you can sow the seeds in the first – third week of July to get high production from it. And the spacing must be according to plant growth habits. The spacing must be 30 cm row to row and 10-12 cm plant to plant for regular growth habits. You should sow the seeds at 3 to 4 cm depth. In addition, you can use Broadcasting, Dibbling, or Kera, Pora methods for the sowing methods. Apart from this, you can use Seed drill with the help of sound tractors with good quality tyres. So, Apollo Tractor Tyre Price List can give you several durable tyres for your farming.
Sow rice bean seeds on the convenient length and width of prepared beds. You can sow the seeds with the help of a seed drill. You can sow the seeds under good water conditions for higher seed germination.
You have to do frequent weeding and hoeing to keep the field weed-free. You have to give 1 to 2 hoeing after 30 to 50 days of sowing so that the weeds can be controlled. In addition, mulching is also suitable for weed control.
There is no need to rinse the field in the monsoon. But when monsoon does not occur at the right time and drought conditions take place, rinse the area two to three times in the post-monsoon period.
Diseases and Pests
Different types of pests and diseases can harm rice bean farming. So, you have to spay some chemicals to save crops from them.
Diseases and Their Control:
- Leaf stem rotten: It can decrease the quality of the crop
- Yellow leaves: You have to remove the infected area as early as possible
Pests and Their Control:
- Blister beetle: Spray of deltamethrin 2.8 EC @200ml or acephate 75 SP @800g or indoxacarb 14.5 SC @200ml/acre
- Small larva (hairy caterpillar): Spray of Ekalux 25 [email protected] or Nuvan 100 @200ml
- Pod borer (Lepidoptera): indoxacarb 14.5 SC @ 200 ml or spinosad 45 SC @ 60 or acephate 75 SP @ 800 g
- Lizard: Spray of pesticide around the plant remain lizard away from the plants
- Larva: It can destroy the leaves and pod of the plant
When 80% of pods turn brown, it is the best time for harvesting the plant. You should avoid the upsetting of the pod, so do harvesting in the morning. In addition, you should do harvesting in small patches as the pods are interlinked.
You have to sundry the pods after harvesting. Then, after drying, you can pack the grain in gunny bags. For the long transportation, you can pack grain in wooden boxes.
To fulfil your knowledge needs and queries, stay with us. We will come with our next blog on various farming and farming methods. Till then, wait for our blog. Don’t forget to leave a comment on this blog.